"first to make a psychology of women"
born; 1885, Blankenese, Germany
died; 1952, New York City, New York
Horney vs. Freud
-studied classical Freudian theory but soon disagreed with personality being decided by sexual drive
-says personality is changable, not biological
-says sexual pleasure does not shape a personality
-disagreed with the oedipal theory, libido concepts, & three part personality
-introduced womb envy
NEUROSIS; Horney says peoples' distress is an attempt to make life bearable. Then, needs become severely intense & anxiety develops if those needs aren't met.
Freud had the pessimistic view that was skeptical of human potential. Horney was optimistic & thought humans were good & able to change.
WOMB ENVY; an unexpressed anxiety of men wanting the pleasures of pregnancy and various things of women